Friday, March 15, 2013

HIERO : 6 months already !

HIERO is on-line for 6 months !

It's time to make a first point.

At first I wish to thank you all : HIERO (and the OUNAS project of which HIERO been a part) is possible only by the interest and the support which you carry to this software.

If we return to our point : i consider it as a positive point.

From a strictly quantitative point of view : + 3.000 downloads to this day.

From a qualitative point of view, a first work was realized : the main bugs are corrected and i work on one a software basis the most strong possible.

We are for the first versions of HIERO : a lot of work remains to make.

The main works to be envisaged :

* It still remains to implement numerous hieroglyphic features

* Enrich the lexicographical lists (necessity to allow (later) to propose a weft of "translation")

* Set up hieroglyphic tests (of "functional" type) the most complete possible

HIERO is strongly bound to the site of the project - this site proposes complementary technical resources in the documentation supplied for HIERO.

Do not hesitate to download and to consult these resources.

This interaction between HIERO and the site of the project is going to continue and "to improve" to propose even more for every user of HIERO.

You can on the site of the project write a remark or a comment (positive or negative) - I am accepting - the objective being to improve HIERO.

I matter on you to make known (and to try it if you have a Mac) HIERO with your friends, with your social networks and contacts.

I give free of charge HIERO - You can contribute allowing that it is known and spread.

Thank you again for your support.

Thus do not forget: download HIERO on MacApp Store and what the adventure continues …

Sunday, March 3, 2013

Evolution of wˁb priesthood

great priest of Ptah and 
wˁb priest Ptahchepses
The period which interests us for this article is the Old Kingdom.

The evolution of this title is less cut than for the ḥm - nṯr 
title : we did not pass so simply of a priesthood wˁb + king in a priesthood wˁb + pyramid.

We have certificates of the priesthood 
wˁb in the royal pyramid in IV dynasty.

This priesthood will be more numerous during the V dynastyThe situation is going to complicate during the VI dynasty.

This priesthood seems to continue under a different shape - we do not have more title  
wˁb + pyramid.

A new name of the title appears under Pepi Iwˁb + name of the royal funeral complex.

Let us can envisage us a new "formulation" ? 

Difficult to assert given that from Teti, we do not have examples anymore confirming or countering this fact.

Teti has can be decided to end the old "codification" of this priesthood, "the codification" already very weakened from the reign of Nuserre.

If you loved this article and if you wish to support this project, not to hesitate to download HIERO on the MacApp Store.

Saturday, March 2, 2013

ḥm - nṯr : priesthood of king or pyramid ?

Merib - after Ausschnittbearbeitung NebMaatRe.
Original uploader was 
NebMaatRe at de.wikipedia
The period which interests us for this article is the Old Kingdom.

At first this title is used together with the name of king.

Example :  
ḥm - nṯr ḫwfw "priest of Khufu"

Some time later, a new formulation makes its appearance :  

ḥm - nṯr is not any more connected in the name of king but is from now on is bound to the royal funeral complex (of whom the pyramid is a part).

Example :  
ḥm - nṯr ȝḫt - ḫwfw "priest of the funeral complex of the horizon of Khufu"

This new formulation seems to appear at the beginning of the 5th dynasty.

The use in large scale of this one (we can even speak about reform) is confirmed under the reign of Nuserre.

The use of both formulations (coexistence) of the title is attested until this reign - from this one the new formulation becomes the unique reference (certain sites are longer to operate this reform - example : Giza).

We shall note that the old formulation of the title is kept for the cult of kings who preceded this reign (mainly kings of the IVth dynasty) - there is thus no "retroactive" effect.

Why a new formulation ?

From the reign of Userkaf appears solar temples - leading important changes in the vision of a royal funeral complex.

We so attend an extension of the concept of this kind of complex.

The title 
ḥm - nṯr is not any more suited - it becomes obsolete. 

Besides this change of "label", we also attend a reorganization of the priesthood and its administration (for example : a
ppearance of new titles globalizing the supervision of this new funeral concept).

The new formulation thus seems more adapted.

If you loved this article and if you wish to support this project, not to hesitate to download HIERO on the MacApp Store.