Friday, September 27, 2013

Western Cemetery of Giza : Mastaba 2120


Mastaba 2120

Name of owner

Seshat - sekhentiu -> Sšȝt - sḫntjw
Man

Several sons and grandsons of Sneferu continued to serve the palace during the reign of Khufu (some of these persons could so be in Khufu's court).

Prince Seshat - sekhentiu seems to be one of them.


detail of plan of Cemetery, adapted from Reisner GIZA Necropolis I, map 5 - drawing by Roth Bigio


Titles

ḥry tp -> chief

ẖry - [ḥb] -> lector priest


Dating mastaba

Reign of Khufu (core, chapel, slab stela) - IV dynasty.

This mastaba is a part of the list of finished Mastabas in the Nucleus Cemeteries (one of the earliest and largest mastabas of this cemetery).


Architecture

Mastaba

Mastaba of type 2a 2 according to the typology of the Egyptologist Reisner - casing: white limestone (unfinished). 

Dimensions of the mastaba : 30,4 m * 14,8 m = 449,92 sq.m for a height (preserved) of 4,55 m.

Chapel

Chapel area : against East face of the mastaba.

At first, crud brick exterior chapel was designed (type 1a2 - but later, a new exterior stone chapel with additions (mud brick) replaced this first structure.

This exterior stone chapel (type : 2b 2) is still visible.

Monolithic false door (unfinished) was in the West wall of the chapel.

Emplacement for a slab stela (dimensions of emplacement : 81 cm * 53 cm - depth : 10,5 cm  -
southeast corner of East face of core - Mastaba) was found.

This stela was a part of the first implementation of the chapel.

Fragments of this stela were found in the name of Seshat - sekhentiu.

This emplacement would have been walled up behind a series of large casing blocks.

After Mastaba of Nucleus Cemetery 2100 part 1- G2120 plan

Stone platform (partly constructed) : 7.6 m x 4.3 m - 32,68 sq.m (partly destroyed on North and East)

Casing stones of this platform seem to be used to form vertical west wall of offering-room ("A")

Several rooms (mud brick) "A" (offering room) to "F", partially dressed and completed : 23,43 sq.m


After Mastaba of Nucleus Cemetery 2100 part 1 
G 2120, plan of chapel, drawn by Nicholas Melnikoff, July 16, 1938; redrawn by Ruth Bigio

Shaft

Dimensions : 2,5 m * 2,5 m (top) -> 2,15 m  * 2,15 m (bottom) -7,13 m in rock.

System of blocking (height :  1.65 m, width : 1.55 m,  thickness : 0.3 m) - outside chamber (remains of interior masonry set in plaster portcullis slab).

Chamber type 1 al 2  - lined and paved (dimensions : 3,1 m * 3,6 m, height : 2,55 m (south) -> 4,15 * 4,65 m - height : 2,88 m (rock) ).

Fragmentary white limestone coffin were found.

Finds : differents models of jars, basins, bowls, plaster baskets, relief fragments and others potteries.  

2 for more informations on the types of Mastabas and additions, Reisner GN 1


Decoration

The Slab Stela

t ḫȝ, ḥnḳt ḫȝ, šs ḫȝ, mnḫt ḫȝ

"a thousand loaves of bread, a thousand jars of beer, a thousand alabaster vessels, a thousand pieces of cloth"

ḳbḥ ỉˁ ˁwy, bd

"container of cool water, implements for washing hands, natron"

snṯr, wȝḏ, msdmt, ḥȝ t t mrḥt, sẖt ḥḏt wȝḏt, t-w r, t-rtḥ, n ḥr w, d pt, šˁ t, t-nḥrw, bsn

"incense, green eye paint, black eye paint, best [oi]nt[ment], white 6-row barley, green 6-row barley, great loaf, baked bread, [ne]her[u]- bread, de[pet]-bread, shat-bread, ta-neheru-bread, natron"

sḫp t, prw, ḏ srt, ẖnw - ˁwy, ỉȝtt, ỉrp, ỉšd, dbȝ, nbs, t-nbs, wˁḥ, ḥbnnwt, ˁg(w)t, ḫt nbt bnr(t)

"sekhepet-drink, peru-drink, ale, [khenu]-awy-drink, milk, wine, persea fruit, figs, zizyphus, loaf of zizyphus, carob bean, hebnenut- bread, prepared grain, every sweet thing"

rn ỉwȝ ḫȝ, ngȝw ḫȝ, ỉḥt wr(t) ḫȝ, ḥry-ḏbˁ ḫȝ, rn mȝḥḏ ḫȝ, ḏȝt ḫȝ, r ḫȝ, ṯr p ḫȝ, s ḫȝ, m nwt ḫȝ

"a thousand young oxen, a thousand bulls, a thousand large cows, a thousand suckled calves, a thousand young oryxes, a thousand cranes, a thousand greylag geese, a thousand white-fronted geese, a thousand teal ducks, a thousand [turtle] doves"

ỉˁȝ bȝ - šmˁ ḫȝ, ỉˁȝ mȝ st ḫȝ, ... ḫȝ, ... ḫȝ, s(?) st - (n) - ḫt ḫȝ, wr(s?) ḫȝ, ḏsr ḫȝ, ḥȝ-ḫt ḫȝ, hn ḫȝ

"a thousand panther-skin mantles, a thousand mantles of wild cow skin, a thousand [...], [a thousand ...], [a thousand beds], [a thousand head]rests, [a thousand] caskets, [a thousand] boxes, [a thousand] chests"

tỉȝȝt ḫȝ, nmtt ḫȝ, mȝṯ ḫȝ, ...

"[a thousand] porphyry vessels, a thousand white quartzite vessels, [a thousand] granite jars, [...]"

ỉdmy ... szf ḫȝ ... ḫȝ ... ḫȝ ... ḫȝ ... ḫȝ ... ḫȝ ḫȝ

"[idemy-linen ...] a thousand of width sezef(?), a thousand [...], [...], a thousand [...], a thousand [...], a thousand [...], a thousand [...]"

šsr szf ḥȝ, dỉw ḫȝ, ỉfdw ḫȝ, ḫmtw ḫȝ, ḫmtw ḫȝ, snwỉ ḫȝ, wˁ ḫȝ

"sesher-linen, a thousand of width sezef, a thousand of 5 (cubits wide), a thousand of 4 (cubits wide), a thousand of 4 (cubits wide), a thousand of 3 (cubits wide), a thousand of 2 (cubits wide), a thousand of 1 (cubit wide)"

šmˁt - nfrt szf ḫȝ, dỉw ḫȝ, ỉfdw ḫȝ, ỉfdw ẖȝ, ḫmtw ḫȝ, snwỉ ḫȝ, wˁ ḫȝ

"fine linen, a thousand of width sezef, a thousand of 5 (cubits wide), a thousand of 4 (cubits wide), a thousand of 4 (cubits wide), a thousand of 3 (cubits wide), a thousand of 2 (cubits wide), a thousand of 1 (cubit wide)"

ˁȝ szf ḫȝ, dỉw ḫȝ, ỉfdw ḫȝ, ỉfdw ḫȝ, ḫmtw ḫȝ, snwỉ ḫȝ, wˁ ḫȝ

"aa-linen, a thousand of width sezef, a thousand of 5 (cubits wide), a thousand of 4 (cubits wide), a thousand of 4 (cubits wide), a thousand of 3 (cubits wide), a thousand of 2 (cubits wide), a thousand of 1 (cubit wide)"

... ỉt - Mḥw bdt swt ...

"Lower Egyptian barley, emmer, barley [...]"


Seshatsekhentiu’s stela is one of five preserved “long-form” slab stelae (only two of which are preserved complete).

(reference : MFA 06.1894)  


Bibliography

- Porter Moss III part 1 p 74

- Peter Der Manuelian « Mastaba of Nucleus Cemetery 2100 part 1 »

- Dodson, Hilton The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, London 2004

- N-C. GrimalA History of Ancient Egypt

- Reisner GN 1

Useful links

Lector_priest

3D Giza Project


If you loved this article and if you wish to support this project, not to hesitate to download HIERO on the MacApp Store.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

New version of HIERO !


The new version of HIERO (1.4) is from now available on the MacApp Store !

Do not hesitate to download and to discover it.

You will find more information about this version in the menu of HIERO ("About of Hiero..." item).


Sunday, September 15, 2013

You want to play ?

You want to play ?

In the first place take 3 persons of your circle of acquaintances who have a Mac.


Secondly encourage these persons to download HIERO to support (and discover) a fascinating project !


Thirdly that they made cross the word to 3 others persons...


Thursday, September 12, 2013

the Mac Installer Certificate...

During the renewal of my program developer at Apple, I found myself in front of a problem.

I could not submit (under XCode 4.6 - for validate or distribute) any more my software ( HIERO) on the MacApp Store !

I had the enjoyment to have this beautiful message (window "Organizer" - "Archives" tab - for example "validate" button) :

"... Associated package identity ... has expired..."

I used the refresh of certificates and provisionning profiles under XCode (window "Organizer" - "Devices" tab)  : another more precise message seemed specifying that my profile was recognized well but that the Mac Installer Certificate was missing !

It was more clear...

I realized that i had installed only the Mac Developper Application Certificate and not the Mac Installer Certificate.

For information these two certificates are mandatory to develop and distribute to the MacApp Store.

Why such an oversight ?

Last year these two certificates had been installed at the "same time" (or almost).

With the "Certificates, Identifiers & profiles" tool (developer.apple.com/memberCenter), it was possible to check the two options corresponding to these certificates and so to generate them at the "same time".

This tool was modified and now, you have to generate (and install) every certificate separately.

Let us be thus attentive to this kind of small problem which can annoy you seriously...


If you loved this article and if you wish to support this project, not to hesitate to download HIERO on the MacApp Store.